A biography of mahatma gandhi a leader in the indian independence movement

Government Boys Hr sec School. Inhe defended Indian independence activist P. Varadarajulu Naidu against charges of sedition [14] and two years later participated in the agitations against the Rowlatt Act.

A biography of mahatma gandhi a leader in the indian independence movement

Biography Early life and background Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi [14] was born on 2 October [1] into a Gujarati Hindu Modh Baniya family [15] in Porbandar also known as Sudamapuria coastal town on the Kathiawar Peninsula and then part of the small princely state of Porbandar in the Kathiawar Agency of the Indian Empire.

His father, Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi —served as the diwan chief minister of Porbandar state. His first two wives died young, after each had given birth to a daughter, and his third marriage was childless. InKaramchand sought his third wife's permission to remarry; that year, he married Putlibai —who also came from Junagadh, [17] and was from a Pranami Vaishnava family.

As a child, Gandhi was described by his sister Raliat as "restless as mercury, either playing or roaming about. One of his favourite pastimes was twisting dogs' ears. In his autobiography, he admits that they left an indelible impression on his mind.

To keep two or three consecutive fasts was nothing to her. His family then rejoined him in Rajkot. There he studied the rudiments of arithmetic, history, the Gujarati language and geography. Mehtab was older in age, taller and encouraged the strictly vegetarian boy to eat meat to gain height.

A biography of mahatma gandhi a leader in the indian independence movement

He also took Mohandas to a brothel one day, though Mohandas "was struck blind and dumb in this den of vice," rebuffed the prostitutes' advances and was promptly sent out of the brothel.

The experience caused Mohandas mental anguish, and he abandoned the company of Mehtab. Recalling the day of their marriage, he once said, "As we didn't know much about marriage, for us it meant only wearing new clothes, eating sweets and playing with relatives.

The two deaths anguished Gandhi. Harilalborn in ; Manilalborn in ; Ramdasborn in ; and Devdasborn in But he dropped out and returned to his family in Porbandar. Gandhi's uncle Tulsidas also tried to dissuade his nephew. Gandhi wanted to go. To persuade his wife and mother, Gandhi made a vow in front of his mother that he would abstain from meat, alcohol and women.

Gandhi's brother Laxmidas, who was already a lawyer, cheered Gandhi's London studies plan and offered to support him. Putlibai gave Gandhi her permission and blessing. Upon arrival, he stayed with the local Modh Bania community while waiting for the ship travel arrangements.

Mahatma Gandhi - Wikipedia

The head of the community knew Gandhi's father. After learning Gandhi's plans, he and other elders warned Gandhi that England would tempt him to compromise his religion, and eat and drink in Western ways.

Gandhi informed them of his promise to his mother and her blessings. The local chief disregarded it, and excommunicated him an outcast. But Gandhi ignored this, and on 4 September, he sailed from Bombay to London. His brother saw him off.

Gandhi in London as a law student At UCL, he studied law and jurisprudence and was invited to enroll at Inner Temple with the intention of becoming a barrister.

His childhood shyness and self withdrawal had continued through his teens, and he remained so when he arrived in London, but he joined a public speaking practice group and overcame this handicap to practise law.

He tried to adopt "English" customs, including taking dancing lessons.

A biography of mahatma gandhi a leader in the indian independence movement

However, he could not appreciate the bland vegetarian food offered by his landlady and was frequently hungry until he found one of London's few vegetarian restaurants. Influenced by Henry Salt's writing, he joined the Vegetarian Societywas elected to its executive committee, [51] and started a local Bayswater chapter.

Early Life

They encouraged Gandhi to join them in reading the Bhagavad Gita both in translation as well as in the original. He returned to Rajkot to make a modest living drafting petitions for litigants, but he was forced to stop when he ran afoul of a British officer. Abdullah owned a large successful shipping business in South Africa.

His distant cousin in Johannesburg needed a lawyer, and they preferred someone with Kathiawari heritage.Mohandas Gandhi is considered the father of the Indian independence movement.

Gandhi spent 20 years in South Africa working to fight discrimination. It was there that he created his concept of satyagraha, a non-violent way of protesting against injustices. Mahatma Gandhi, byname of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, (born October 2, , Porbandar, India—died January 30, , Delhi), Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British rule of India.

As such, he came to be considered the father of his country.

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Mahatma Gandhi (October 2, to January 30, ) was the leader of India’s non-violent independence movement against British rule and in South Africa who advocated for the civil rights of. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the preeminent leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2. Mahatma Gandhi Short Biography. Article abstract: Gandhi, as one of the main figures of the Indian independence movement, pioneered the use of nonviolent protest; the strategies and tactics he employed have been adapted by many. Gandhi and Indian Independence.

After 21 years in South Africa, Gandhi returned to India in He became the leader of the Indian nationalist movement campaigning for home rule or Swaraj. Gandhi successfully instigated a series of non-violent protest. This included national strikes for one or two days.

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