Biography Relatively little is known for certain about Machiavelli's early life in comparison with many important figures of the Italian Renaissance the following section draws on Capponi and Vivanti He was born 3 May in Florence and at a young age became a pupil of a renowned Latin teacher, Paolo da Ronciglione. It is speculated that he attended the University of Florence, and even a cursory glance at his corpus reveals that he received an excellent humanist education. It is only with his entrance into public view, with his appointment as the Second Chancellor of the Republic of Florence, however, that we begin to acquire a full and accurate picture of his life. For the next fourteen years, Machiavelli engaged in a flurry of diplomatic activity on behalf of Florence, travelling to the major centers of Italy as well as to the royal court of France and to the imperial curia of Maximilian.
His father was a doctor of law. Machiavelli seems to have been carefully educated in humanistic studies, although he never learned Greek.
He entered Florentine government service inat the age of 29, as second chancellor and secretary of the Ten of Liberty and Peace, an executive committee concerned with domestic as well as military and foreign affairs. During his year tenure he was engaged in numerous and sometimes lengthy diplomatic missions which took him to France, Switzerland, and Germany.
His dispatches and reports contain ideas that anticipate many of the doctrines of his later works. Not only was the famous militia ordinance of his, but also the responsibility for implementing it, in the capacity of secretary of the specially constituted Nine of the Militia.
When the Florentine government was threatened in with the restoration of the Medici by Spanish forces, Machiavelli skillfully mobilized an army of twelve thousand conscripts to withstand the invasion; however, the amateur citizen-soldiers proved ineffectual before seasoned troops.
With the restoration of the Medici, Machiavelli was briefly imprisoned and tortured. After 13 years of political inactivity he was recalled to government service by the Medici inbut two years later the Medici were overthrown, and the new republic again excluded Machiavelli from office.
He died inreceiving the last rites of the church. Machiavelli was a good father and an affectionate if unfaithful husband. Scrupulously honest, he was also generous and tolerant and had unusual courage and integrity.
He excelled in witty conversation and storytelling. As much a poet as a man of practical affairs, he was a dedicated republican who desired only to serve Florence rather than any particular party.
He was an extraordinary literary artist and has long been recognized for his masterful prose style; as the author of the comedy Mandragola see — he has been acclaimed the equal of Moliere. Method Machiavelli was neither a system builder nor a philosopher in a technical sense.
In no single treatise did he rigorously expound his theory of man and government. His views are presented in a diffuse and impressionistic fashion, scattered through a number of different works. At the same time, there is system and remarkable consistency to his ideas, even if the coherence is not the most obvious and depends to a degree upon imaginative reconstruction by the sensitive reader.
He examined politics in a detached, rational manner, analyzing the ways power can be acquired and maintained. He showed the kinds of actions that in varying situations will lead to political success or failure.
Although he was not concerned with moral and political obligation or with the analysis of moral and political concepts, a conception of a good society does inform most of his political writings. The sources of his approach are a matter of conjecture.
He probably owed less to the traditional philosophers than to nonphilosophical classical writers—in particular, to Livy, Tacitus, Plutarch, Xenophon, Polybius, Vegetius, and Frontinus.
Machiavelli was not alone among his contemporaries in abandoning a moralistic approach to human behavior for a rational and objective one: That Machiavelli lived in a city whose very life was finance and commerce may also help to explain his method, which had some of the characteristics of a business calculation of profit and loss.
Another possible influence was the increasing conceptualization of government policy, since the thirteenth century, in terms of a notion of public utility: Machiavelli was heir to this late medieval tradition.
Machiavelli was essentially concerned with ascertaining the conditions of political success, and he sought to do so by determining what kinds of acts have proved beneficial and what kinds detrimental to the political actors who performed them.
In The Prince and the Discourses, written between and see ahe demonstrated the soundness of certain political precepts by using a kind of calculus: He used this method for military precepts, in these works and in The Art of War Niccolo Machiavelli’s “Discourses on Livy” [ send me THIS paper ] This 5 page report discusses “Discourses on Livy” is on of Niccolo Machiavelli ’s lesser-known works.
The Life and Works of Niccolo Machiavelli that once implemented will create and maintain a power [tags: Literary Analysis, Niccolo Machiavelli] Better Essays words | ( pages) However, when examining Machiavelli’s various concepts in depth, one can conclude that perhaps his suggested violence and evil is fueled by a moral.
Niccoló Machiavelli (), Italian political thinker and historical figure best remembered for his masterpiece, The Prince (written in , but published posthumously in ).
Machiavelli is considered one of the great early analyzers of political power. Niccolo Machiavelli was . 1. Biography. Relatively little is known for certain about Machiavelli's early life in comparison with many important figures of the Italian Renaissance (the following section draws on Capponi and Vivanti ) He was born 3 May in Florence and at a young age became a pupil of a renowned Latin teacher, Paolo da Ronciglione.
Famously centered on the right balancing of fortune and virtue in the prince, it is by far the most read work by Machiavelli and one of the most prominent texts of Western political thought.
Niccolo Machiavelli lived from to A resident of Florence Italy, he was a social commentator during a time of powerful city-states. Machiavelli published his most celebrated work, "The Prince,"Ã¯Â¿Â½ in