For an interpretation of other pictures from the 19th and 20th centuries, see:
Background[ edit ] In Georges Seurat enlisted as a soldier in the French army and was back home by The following year, Seurat began to work on La Grande Jatte and exhibited the painting in the spring of with the Impressionists. He reworked the original and completed numerous preliminary drawings and oil sketches.
He sat in the park, creating numerous sketches of the various figures in order to perfect their form. He concentrated on issues of colour, light, and form. The painting is approximately 2 by 3 meters 7 by 10 feet in size. He believed that this form of painting, called divisionism at the time but now known as pointillismwould make the colors more brilliant and powerful than standard brushstrokes.
The use of dots of almost uniform size came in the second year of his work on the painting, — To make the experience of the painting even more vivid, he surrounded it with a frame of painted dots, which in turn he enclosed with a pure white, wooden frame, which is how the painting is exhibited today at the Art Institute of Chicago.
Although for many years it was an industrial site, it is today the site of a public garden and a housing development. When Seurat began the painting inthe island was a bucolic retreat far from the urban center.
As a painter, he wanted to make a difference in the history of art and with La Grand Jatte, succeeded. Whereas the bathers in that earlier painting are doused in light, almost every figure on La Grande Jatte appears to be cast in shadow, either under trees or an umbrella, or from another person.
For Parisians, Sunday was the day to escape the heat of the city and head for the shade of the trees and the cool breezes that came off the river. And at first glance, the viewer sees many different people relaxing in a park by the river.
On the right, a fashionable couple, the woman with the sunshade and the man in his top hat, are on a stroll.
On the left, another woman who is also well dressed extends her fishing pole over the water.
There is a small man with the black hat and thin cane looking at the river, and a white dog with a brown head, a woman knitting, a man playing a horn, two soldiers standing at attention as the musician plays, and a woman hunched under an orange umbrella.
Seurat also painted a man with a pipe, a woman under a parasol in a boat filled with rowers, and a couple admiring their infant child.
The lady on the right side has a monkey on a leash. A lady on the left near the river bank is fishing.
The area was known at the time as being a place to procure prostitutes among the bourgeoisie, a likely allusion of the otherwise odd "fishing" rod. This may be interpreted as someone who is silently questioning the audience: Everdell"Seurat himself told a sympathetic critic, Gustave Kahn, that his model was the Panathenaic procession in the Parthenon frieze.
He wanted ordinary people as his subject, and ordinary life. He was a bit of a democract—a " Communard, " as one of his friends remarked, referring to the left-wing revolutionaries of ; and he was fascinated by the way things distinct and different encountered each other: Come and join us".
In the second stage, during andSeurat dispensed with the earth pigments and also limited the number of individual pigments in his paints.
His intention was to paint small dots or strokes of pure color that would then mix on the retina of the beholder to achieve the desired color impression instead of the usual practice of mixing individual pigments.
Additionally, Seurat used then new pigment zinc yellow zinc chromatepredominantly for yellow highlights in the sunlit grass in the middle of the painting but also in mixtures with orange and blue pigments. The results of investigation into the discoloration of this painting have been ingeniously combined with further research into natural aging of paints to digitally rejuvenate the painting.
Inthe painting was loaned out for the only time: On 15 Aprila fire there, which killed one person on the second floor of the museum, forced the evacuation of the painting, which had been on a floor above the fire in the Whitney Museumwhich adjoined MoMA at the time.
The often hidden bunny logo was disguised as one of the millions of dots. Subsequently, the painting is sometimes referred to by the misnomer "Sunday in the Park". Such use is parodied, among others, in Looney Tunes: In the Simpsons episode " Mom and Pop Art " 10x19Barney Gumble offers to pay for a beer with a handmade reproduction of the painting.
Mason re-created the painting in topiary form;  the installation was completed in The painting was the inspiration for a commemorative poster printed for the Detroit Belle Isle Grand Prixwith racing cars and the Detroit skyline added.Aug 20, · Holland Cotter reviews exhibition of oil sketches and drawings by Georges Seurat directly related to his painting, A Sunday on La Grande Jatte, at Art Institute of Chicago; photos (L).
The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago’s Dream, A World’s Treasure: The Art Institute of Chicago , November 1–January 9, , no cat. no, pl. The Art Institute of Chicago, Seurat and the Making of La Grande Jatte, June 16–September 19, , cat. George Seurat, Study for "A Sunday Afternoon on La Grande Jatte", , oil on canvas, x cm, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York In Georges Seurat enlisted as a soldier in the French army and was back home by Subject: People relaxing at la Grande Jatte, Paris.
This is Seurat’s final study for his monumental painting of Parisians at leisure on an island in the Seine (Art Institute of Chicago).
Contrasting pigments are woven together with small, patchy brushstrokes, whereas in the mural-sized park scene—which debuted two years later at the Impressionist exhibition—Seurat used tighter, dot-like dabs of paint, a technique which came to be.
A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte was purchased by the Art Institute of Chicago in , for the reputed sum of $24, Explanation of Other Modern French Paintings • Dejeuner sur l'herbe () by Edouard Manet.
Seurat's famous painting A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte (Art Institute of Chicago) debuted at the Impressionist exhibition in timberdesignmag.com completed: