Article Wikipedia article Henri Matisse was a French painter, draftsman, sculptor, and printmaker. Known for his use of color, his work is regarded as responsible for laying the foundation for modern plastic arts, along with the work of Pablo Picasso and Marcel Duchamp. At the age of 18, he went to study law, working as a court administrator.
Calder was encouraged to create, and from the age of eight he always had his own workshop wherever the family lived.
For Christmas inCalder presented his parents with two of his first sculptures, a tiny dog and duck cut from a brass sheet and bent into formation.
The duck is kinetic—it rocks back and forth when tapped. Even at age eleven, his facility in handling materials was apparent.
Despite his talents, Calder did not originally set out to become an artist. He instead enrolled at the Stevens Institute of Technology after high school and graduated in with an engineering degree. While serving in the latter occupation, on a ship from New York bound for San Francisco, Calder awoke on the deck to see both a brilliant sunrise and a scintillating full moon; each was visible on opposite horizons the ship then lay off the Guatemalan coast.
The experience made a lasting impression on Calder: Calder committed to becoming an artist shortly thereafter, and in he moved to New York and enrolled at the Art Students League. He also took a job illustrating for the National Police Gazette, which sent him to the Ringling Bros.
The assemblage included diminutive performers, animals, and props he had observed at the Ringling Bros. Fashioned from wire, leather, cloth, and other found materials, Cirque Calder was designed to be manipulated manually by Calder.
Every piece was small enough to be packed into a large trunk, enabling the artist to carry it with him and hold performances anywhere. Its first performance was held in Paris for an audience of friends and peers, and soon Calder was presenting the circus in both Paris and New York to much success.
Indeed, the Cirque Calder predated performance art by forty years.
Calder found he enjoyed working with wire for his circus. He soon began to sculpt from this material many portraits of his friends and public figures of the day.
Word traveled about the inventive artist, and in Calder was given his first solo gallery show at the Weyhe Gallery in New York. This exhibition was soon followed by others in New York, Paris, and Berlin; as a result, Calder spent much time crossing the ocean by boat.
He met Louisa James a grandniece of writer Henry James on one of these steamer journeys and the two were married in January In October ofCalder visited the studio of Piet Mondrian in Paris and was deeply impressed by a wall of colored paper rectangles that Mondrian continually repositioned for compositional experiments.
He recalled later in life that this experience "shocked" him toward total abstraction. For three weeks following this visit, he created solely abstract paintings, only to discover that he did indeed prefer sculpture to painting. The first of these objects moved by systems of cranks and motors, and were dubbed "mobiles" by Marcel Duchamp—in French mobile refers to both "motion" and "motive.
Calder converted an icehouse attached to the main house into a studio. Their first daughter, Sandra, was born inand a second daughter, Mary, followed in Henri Matisse’s Jazz is a limited-edition art book containing prints of colorful cut-paper collages, accompanied by the artist’s written timberdesignmag.com was first issued on September 30, , by art publisher timberdesignmag.com portfolio, characterized by vibrant colors, poetic texts, and circus and theater themes, marks Matisse’s transition to a new form of medium.
Henri Matisse quotes - the artist on his colorful painting art, Fauvism and life in France - free art-resource for students, pupils and art teachers Matisse’s quotes describe the characteristics of his early painting art and the essence of Fauvism with its focus on color & form.
Henri Matisse. Henri Matisse was born on December 31, , in the small industrial town of Bohain-en-Vermandois in northern France. He worked as a legal clerk, studied for a law degree in Paris, returned to a law office in the town of Saint-Quentin, and began taking a drawing class.
Here are ten facts about Henri Matisse, the famous French artist. Henri Matisse was born on 31st December He trained as a lawyer, but decided to become a painter. In he studied at the Academie Julian in Paris, learning from the artists William-Adolphe Bouguereau and Gustave Moreau.
At the beginning of his career, [ ]. World War II ushered in an utter collapse of Matisse's life structures: his health, his marriage and the unknown fate of his pictures in Russia as well as in occupied France.
In , to escape the threat of an allied bombardment of Nice, Henri Matisse moved into the Villa Le Rêve, on the outskirts of Vence. Matisse the Master: A Life of Henri Matisse, Vol. 2, The Conquest of Colour – London, Hamish Hamilton Ltd, London, Hamish Hamilton Ltd, ISBN Known for: Painting, printmaking, sculpture, drawing, collage.