Democracy, with all its problems, also has its paradoxes. Regular elections lead to short government life-time. This seems to result in more emphasis on short term goals and safer issues that appeal to populist issues. It also diverts precious time toward re-election campaigns Anti-democratic forces may use the democratic process to get voted in or get policies enacted in their favor.
It was established on January 25, with an aim to define and control the process for elections conducted at various levels: In other words, the ECI ensures smooth and successful functioning of the democracy. Role of Election Commission of India In its assigned role, the most crucial challenge before the Election Commission of India is to implement norms and the Model Code of Conduct to ensure free and fair elections in the country.
Its existence and independence are necessitated by history, which has shown that democratic elections are not free from sabotage. Towards this end, it has been empowered to oversee political parties and candidates and take appropriate action in case of violations.
The Deputy Election Commissioners and Director Generals are the senior-most officers in the secretariat. The President of India appoints the Chief Election Commissioner of Indiawho serves for six years and must retire at the age of He can be removed from his office through the process of impeachment, which needs to be carried out in the Parliament.
The Election Commission of India is considered the custodian of free and fair elections. It issues the Model Code of Conduct in every election for political parties and candidates so that the dignity of democracy is maintained.
It regulates political parties and registers them for being eligible to contest elections. It publishes the allowed limits of campaign expenditure per candidate to all the political parties, and also monitors the same. The political parties must submit their annual reports to the ECI for getting tax benefit on contributions.
It ensures that all the political parties regularly submit their audited financial reports.
Some of the powers wielded by the Election Commission are as follows: The Commission can suppress the results of opinion polls if it deems such an action fit for the cause of democracy. The Commission can advise for disqualification of members after the elections if it thinks they have violated certain guidelines.
In case, a candidate is found guilty of corrupt practices during the elections, the Supreme Court and High Courts consult the Commission.
The Commission can suspend candidates who fail to submit their election expense accounts timely. New Initiatives taken by Election Commission In order to bring about various improvements and reforms in the election procedure, the ECI has taken numerous steps.
Some of them are as follows: With the help of EVMs, chances of any discrepancies in terms of counting of ballots are almost nil. Moreover, the introduction of technology has just made a quick verdict possible as it just takes three to four days to declare the results.
The website of the ECI was launched on February 28, to provide accurate information and instant results of the elections. From the elections, these were made mandatory. A few more initiatives taken in recent years by the ECI are: New guidelines for broadcasting on State-owned electronic media.
Inspection of instances of criminalisation in politics. Simplification of account maintenance and filing.“Functioning of Parliamentary Democracy in India” By Shri P.A.
Election Commission of India (ECI) is a constitutional body which was established in to administer elections in India. Learn role of the commission along with its powers, functions, contact address & official website. News. Lexis Advance has been named the “Best Legal Solution” by the SIIA CODiE Awards. These premier awards for the software and information industries called out Lexis Advance® vast content, data analytics and visualization tools as cutting-edge and best in the legal industry. Free Essays on Role Of Police In Indian Democracy. Get help with your writing. 1 through
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