Back to Top Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy concerned with the nature of existence, being and the world. Arguably, metaphysics is the foundation of philosophy:
Metaphysics of Education By Alexander Eliot The metaphysics of education can be understood from the various perspectives of epistemology -- a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of knowledge. This includes the way knowledge is acquired, as well as the thoroughness and limitations of knowledge.
The study of epistemology can be applied to the metaphysics of educational instruction. Externalism Externalism postulates that factors external to the human mind are conditions on which to base knowledge.
For example, an externalist would argue an appeal to factual information about the external world is necessary to justify what is considered internal knowledge. In the case of educational metaphysics, an externalist approach to instruction emphasizes factual, information-based learning.
Externalist sentiments are common in fields of study such as mathematics and science, in which numerical objectivity and empirical experimentation are used to develop the student's knowledge of the subject.
Internalism Internalism is the view in which knowledge is seen to be created within the internal, psychological state of the student. Descartes based his theory of knowledge on the belief that, in the context of human perception, the external world is created through the senses.
Applied to the metaphysics of education, this theory emphasizes the internal perspective of the student as opposed to a strict teaching of external, objective information. Epistemological Branches Within epistemology are numerous schools of thought that appeal to both the internalist and externalist approaches to knowledge.
Empiricism is the theory that knowledge is acquired through sensory experience. In contrast, idealism argues that knowledge is formed internally by innate properties of the human mind. Rationalism is a third epistemological school of thought that combines properties from both the empiricist and idealist schools and adds the concept of abstraction as a third property of knowledge.
Finally, constructivism argues that knowledge is constructed through social and traditional tendencies, and thus is relative. Application An externalist approach to education focuses on presenting students with information.
The instructor emphasizes reading material, lectures, and multisensory explanations such as infographics and experimental analysis. In contrast, an internalist approach to education focuses on a more subjective development of knowledge.
A internalist instructor emphasizes class discussion, group collaboration, and student autonomy in learning. The externalist approach therefore is based on the external presentation of learning material, while the internalist approach is based on the internal comprehension of the student.
Of course, techniques from both methods can be used to optimize educational effectiveness.(A volume edited by Amelie Rorty contains essays on the education-related thought, or relevance, of many historically important philosophers; significantly the essays are written almost entirely by philosophers rather than by members of the philosophy of education community.
philosophy of science, and metaphysics flourished, as did the. Reconstructionism. These educational philosophies focus heavily on WHAT we should teach, the curriculum aspect. Perennialism. For Perennialists, the aim of education is to ensure that students acquire understandings about the great ideas of Western civilization.
These ideas have the potential for solving problems in any era. The philosophy of education examines the goals, forms, methods, and meaning of education. The term is used to describe both fundamental philosophical analysis of these themes and the description or analysis of particular pedagogical approaches.
Philosophy as Metaphysics. Philosophy as Metaphysics ABSTRACT: Philosophy works with special types of objects: the totalities.
The basic characteristics of this type of object are their metaphysical, transcendental, and total character.
The character of these objects determines the specificity of language and the methods of timberdesignmag.com language of philosophy represents symbolic language. Metaphysics is one of the branches of the study of philosophy.
Philosophy is an academic discipline that deals with knowledge, reality, and the existence. Metaphysics explains the fundamental nature of being. Jul 13, · • Philosophy is closely related to education Relationship between Education and Philosophy – Significance of studying philosophy Metaphysics – Education, Man, Nature and Society Aristotle developed the study of metaphysics to be studied after physics.
While physics studies the laws of external form of existence.