Indian Contributions to American and Global Progress While traveling and giving lectures in India in the winter of December,a few questions that were presented to me was how America seems to be so progressive, as if it is the Americans themselves and their lifestyle that should be followed. However, I pointed out that it is the inter-cultural contribution that makes the progress in America possible, including those made by Indians. The following includes a few of the points I made in answer to such questions.
The total number immigrating in each decade from to are estimates. The number of foreign born in and decades are extrapolations. Starting insome federal records, including ship passenger lists, were kept for immigration purposes, and a gradual increase in immigration was recorded; more complete immigration records provide data on immigration after Though conducted sincethe census of was the first in which place of birth was asked specifically.
The foreign-born population in the U. Bymost of the immigrants who arrived before the American Revolution had died, and there had been almost no new immigration thereafter. An additional approximate 2, foreign born California residents also become U.
California became a state in with a population of about 90, Between and3. Before most Irish immigrants were Protestants.
AfterIrish Catholics began arriving in large numbers, largely driven by the Great Famine. Meanwhile, farming improvements in Southern Europe and the Russian Empire created surplus labor. Young people between the ages of 15 to 30 were predominant among newcomers.
This wave of migration, constituting the third episode in the history of U. Italians, Greeks, Hungarians, Poles, and others speaking Slavic languages made up the bulk of this migration. Destinations[ edit ] Each group evinced a distinctive migration pattern in terms of the gender balance within the migratory pool, the permanence of their migration, their literacy rates, the balance between adults and children, and the like.
But they shared one overarching characteristic: Their urban destinations, numbers, and perhaps an antipathy towards foreigners, led to the emergence of a second wave of organized xenophobia.
In a group formed the Immigration Restriction League, and it, along with other similarly inclined organizations, began to press Congress for severe curtailment of foreign immigration. It was empowered by popular fears that the country was being overwhelmed by Catholic immigrants, who were often regarded as hostile to American values and controlled by the Pope in Rome.
Active mainly from —56, it strove to curb immigration and naturalizationthough its efforts met with little success. There were few prominent leaders, and the largely middle-class and Protestant membership fragmented over the issue of slaverymost often joining the Republican Party by the time of the presidential election.
Considering the fact that the population of Quebec was onlyinthis was a massive exodus.
A large portion of them have ancestors who emigrated from French Canadasince immigration from France was low throughout the history of the United States. During the same period almost 4 million other Canadians immigrated to the U.
Shortly after the U. Civil Warsome states started to pass their own immigration laws, which prompted the U. Supreme Court to rule in that immigration was a federal responsibility. By excluding all Chinese laborers from entering the country, the Chinese Exclusion Act severely curtailed the number of immigrants of Chinese descent allowed into the United States for 10 years.
During this period, Chinese migrants illegally entered the United States through the loosely guarded U. Late 19th Century broadside advertisement offering cheap farm land to immigrants; few went to Texas after The Dillingham Commission was set up by Congress in to investigate the effects of immigration on the country.
It was, however, apt to make generalizations about regional groups that were subjective and failed to differentiate between distinct cultural attributes. Over two million Italians immigrated in those years, with a total of 5. They settled mainly in the Midwest, especially Minnesota and the Dakotas.
Danes had comparably low immigration rates due to a better economy; after many Danish immigrants were Mormon converts who moved to Utah.Those noted above are just the tip of the iceberg as there is an abundance of notable contributions made by enslaved Africans that are often duplicated but highly disregarded in the American culture.
African Americans, one of the largest of the many ethnic groups in the United timberdesignmag.comn Americans are mainly of African ancestry, but many have nonblack ancestors as well.
African Americans are largely the descendants of slaves—people who were brought from their African homelands by . Irish Contributions to the American Culture Mother Jones Despite the competition for jobs, many Irish immigrants supported and became leaders of union efforts, perhaps because they so well understood the power of organizing to meet needs.
The history of immigration to the United States is the history of the country itself, and the journey from beyond the sea is an element found in American folklore, appearing over and over again in everything from The Godfather to Gangs of New York to "The Song of Myself" to Neil Diamond's "America" to the animated feature An American Tail.
The history of immigration to the United States details the movement of people to the United States starting with the first European settlements from around Beginning around this time, British and other Europeans settled primarily on the east timberdesignmag.com, Africans were imported as slaves.
The United States experienced successive waves of . Knowledge of the contributions of immigrants to American culture might help recapture the original definition of American identity as rooted in the civic ideals of the Revolutionary era.
The impact of immigration on American society and culture is a product of several forces, including the sheer size of the demographic influx extending over.