History[ edit ] Mrs. Jane Jacobschairman of the Comm.
We all like to spend time in parks, but are they just the perk of a great neighbourhood? It turns out parks are a crucial part of any community. They have a significant impact on the development of children and the happiness of everyone in the neighbourhood.
Storm Water Collection Unpaved ground absorbs water. Trees and grass are a far more efficient—and less expensive—method of managing storm water than sewers and drainage ditches made of concrete. In Garland, Texas they took an active approach to encouraging private property owners to plant trees on their land.
Their tree coverage reduces storm water runoff by 19 million cubic feet during a storm. Reduction of the Urban Heat Island Effect The abundance of flat, dark surfaces made up of asphalt and concrete in cities creates what is known as the urban heat island effect. This makes urban neighbourhoods noticeably warmer than other nearby areas, and is a major factor in smog creation.
Luckily, even a small increase in the number of trees in the neighbourhood can reduce this effect. It can be virtually eliminated from cities through a combination of increased park space and green roofs. Centre of Community Parks provide space for neighbourhood residents to interact with each other and meet new people.
This allows people to develop a sense of community. Increasing the number of parks and recreational facilities in a neighbourhood also reduces crime rates, especially among youth.
By giving young people a safe place to interact with one another they keep them off the streets and out of trouble. Similarly, when parks are used by many people, there are more eyes on the street, creating a safer environment for everyone.
Clean Air Trees remove a wide variety of pollutants from the air. Air pollution can increase risk of certain cancers and have adverse effects on children, the elderly and anyone with underlying respiratory problems.
It also reduces the distance you can see on a summer day and increases the mortality rate in highly polluted cities. Even a small increase in the number of city parks or their size can make a big difference when it comes to air pollution.
In Atlanta, a U. After all, physical health and strong relationships are important to maintaining mental well being. Yet the mental health benefits of parks go beyond the obvious. Direct exposure to nature has its own benefits on mental health, reducing stress and increasing happiness.
A study by Finnish researchers found that even ten minutes in a park or urban woodland area could tangibly reduce stress. Participants felt most restored after time spent in the urban woodland. The sedentary lifestyle many Canadians live today is directly linked to obesity, which can cause a number of health problems including certain forms of cancer and heart disease.
Parks make a neighbourhood more enjoyable to walk through and provide space for popular sports, encouraging physical activities. They provide hiking trails and other amenities designed to get people active.Despite their importance, public spaces are often poorly integrated or neglected in planning and urban development.
However, more and more research suggests that investing in them can create prosperous, livable, and equitable cities in developing countries. 2 I The social value of public spaces Key findings Public spaces (including high streets, street markets, shopping precincts, community centres, parks, playgrounds, and neighbourhood spaces in residential areas) play a vital role in .
According to the Project for Public Spaces — the pioneers of this approach — Placemaking is "the art and science of developing public spaces that attract people, build community by bringing people together, and create local identity.". Everyone agrees that public space is important, but why?
We know that quality public space is the bellwether of a healthy society. Strong communities supported by well-conceived public spaces are better positioned to defend against a range of social ills including physical deterioration of the environment and crime, particularly in times of .
Project for Public Spaces and other leaders in the urban planning space have argued that Placemaking can be "a new environmentalism." By engaging members of the community in the process of creating and sustaining local public places, we can empower people to take ownership of their local environment.
It turns out parks are a crucial part of any community. They have a significant impact on the development of children and the happiness of everyone in the neighbourhood. Here’s why parks are important to our neighbourhoods—and why Toronto needs to actively improve its own park network.