The adherents to Transcendentalism believed that knowledge could be arrived at not just through the senses, but through intuition and contemplation of the internal spirit. As such, they professed skepticism of all established religions, believing that Divinity resided in the individual, and the mediation of a church was cumbersome to achieving enlightenment. The genesis of the movement can be accurately traced to and the first gathering of the Transcendental Club in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The father of the movement, an appellation he probably did not relish, was Ralph Waldo Emerson.
He was particularly attracted by the yogic elements in the Manu Smriti. Thoreau embarked on his Walden experiment in the spirit of Indian asceticism. In a letter written to H. O Blake inhe remarked: Depend upon it, rude and careless as I am, I would fain practice the yoga faithfully.
This Yogi, absorbed in contemplation, contributes in his degree to creation; he breathes a divine perfume, he heard wonderful things. Divine forms traverse him without tearing him and he goes, he acts as animating original matter. To some extent, and at rare intervals, even I am a Yogi.
The encounter between Asian and Western thought - By J. For more on Thoreau refer to chapter GlimpsesVI. Along with Emerson, he published essays on Hindu scriptures in a journal called The Dial. Its truth speaks freshly to our experience. Arthur SchopenhauerGerman philosopher and writer.
He was one of the greatest philosophers of the 19th century. He was the first Western philosopher to have access to translations of philosophical material from India, both Vedic and Buddhist, by which he was profoundly affected.
Counted among his disciples are such thinkers as Nietzsche and Wittgenstein, as well as Sigmund Freud, who takes a large part of his psychological theory from the writings of Schopenhauer. No other major Western philosopher so signalizes the turn towards India, combined with a disenchantment with the European-Christian tradition.
He proclaimed the concordance of his philosophy with the teachings of Vedanta. His contribution to the propagation and popularization of Indian concepts has been considerable.
Schopenhauer became acquainted with the thought of the Upanishads through a Latin translation from Persian by a Frenchman, Anquetil Duperron. His eulogy is well known. It is the most profitable and most elevating reading which is possible in the world.
New York City How is every one, who by a diligent study of its Persian Latin has become familiar with that incomparable book, stirred by that spirit to the very depth of his Soul!
Schopenhauer was in search of a "philosophy which should be at once ethics and metaphysics. He found it in the Upanisadhic "tat twam asi", "that thou art".
They are destined sooner or later to become the faith of the people.This video defines Transcendentalism, a literary movement of the midth century. Authors such as Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, and Walt Whitman used their literary platforms to.
Lesson Plan. FOR SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS A mix of media and teacher instruction helps students connect selected events of Alcott’s life with their historical backdrop and with her works.
Ralph Waldo Emerson (—) In his lifetime, Ralph Waldo Emerson became the most widely known man of letters in America, establishing himself as a prolific poet, essayist, popular lecturer, and an advocate of social reforms who was nevertheless suspicious of reform and reformers.
Transcendentalism became a coherent movement and a sacred organization with the founding of the Transcendental Club in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on September 8, by prominent New England intellectuals, including George Putnam (–78, the Unitarian minister in Roxbury), Ralph Waldo Emerson, and Frederic Henry Hedge.
Learn transcendentalism authors with free interactive flashcards.
|English Literature History||Origin[ edit ] Transcendentalism is closely related to Unitarianismthe dominant religious movement in Boston in the early nineteenth century.|
|Literary Periods||References and Further Reading 1. The cultural milieu of Boston at the turn of the nineteenth century would increasingly be marked by the conflict between its older conservative values and the radical reform movements and social idealists that emerged in the decades leading up through the s.|
|Emerson, Ralph Waldo | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy||The second of nine children,  he was immediately nicknamed "Walt" to distinguish him from his father.|
Choose from different sets of transcendentalism authors flashcards on Quizlet. Emerson’s Influence of Thoreau Amateur naturalist, essayist, lover of solitude and poet, Henry David Thoreau was a student and protégé of the great American philosopher and essayist Ralph Waldo Emerson.